These statistics concern 32 of the 35 states that legalized gay marriage between 2004 and 2005.
The legalization of gay marriage in several US states would have contributed to a 7% drop in suicide attempts among high school students. This is the conclusion of a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Pediatrics.
In order to reach these conclusions, researchers compared the states which had adopted laws legalizing same-sex marriage before January 2015 to those who had not. [The United States Supreme Court decided in June 2015 to legalize Gay marriage all over the country].
134,000 fewer suicide attempts
These statistics, therefore, concern 32 of the 35 states that legalized gay marriage between 2004 and 2005. Assessment: 134,000 fewer suicide attempts were registered among young people after the entry into force of the new legislation.
And in states that have legalized same-sex marriage, the rate of suicide attempts decreased by 14% among gay, lesbian and bisexual adolescents, compared to other states without legislation at the time. According to the authors of the study, these effects persisted for at least two years.
Recognizing the rights of LGBTQ youth can improve their mental health and lead to less suicide https://t.co/XKKs4YqaqI
— JAMAPediatrics (@JAMAPeds) February 22, 2017
Suicide, the second leading cause of death among young people
“Allowing same-sex marriage reduces the stigma associated with sexual orientation and while young gays do not intend to take advantage of these laws for several years, they make them feel less stigmatized and more confident in their future, “said Julia Raifman, a researcher at Johns Hopkins University, the principal author of this work.
In the United States, suicide is the second leading cause of death among young people aged 15 to 24, after unintentional injuries. And while a federal Healthy People 2020 (HHS) federal program aims to reduce adolescent suicide by 10% by 2020, this work suggests that the legalization of Homosexual marriage has been very effective in moving towards this goal, the authors note.